Making compost is a great way to reduce waste and nourish the soil. It also saves money if you are in the habit of buying ready made compost. And it’s easy.
Making Compost in Triple Bins
Above are our triple compost bins made from old pallets. They are the perfect size for hot composting (faster composting) as you want your pile to be 3 feet wide x 3 feet high to make sure it heats up in the middle. You can, of course, just make it in a pile or heap. The idea behind having three bins is to have one that you’re adding material to, one that’s being left to rot down (usually for 6 or 7 months) and one that’s finished and being used in the garden or pots.
What to Put in the Compost
- kitchen scraps of raw vegetable origin (cooked food will moulder)
- used tea bags
- coffee grounds
- grass cuttings
- leaves and twigs
- weeds that have not gone to seed
- garden waste such as dead or finished plants
- hair and nail trimmings
- the contents of your hoover bag/bin
- ripped up cardboard, the lower quality the better
You’re looking to get a good variety of layers in there to balance the nitrogen from green things and the carbon from brown things.
Doing It Wrong Can Be Right!
When we first started composting we did it all wrong in this container:
We used exclusively kitchen scraps which went a bit smelly and gooey. However, after about a year the goo did return to being basically soil and proved to be an exceedingly rich food for the plants. The ones that had a layer of this fertiliser in their pots or beds grew significantly larger than the ones that didn’t. So it can be done like that, even if you don’t want to use it for growing; it still reduces waste and returns veg scraps to the soil. The ground around compost bins always becomes beautifully rich, as you can see with the nettles above. And we don’t mean to knock the plastic bins – they can be very handy for smaller spaces.
We intend using the wee boxes at the base of our pallet bins above to grow squash in next year.
No Dig Potatoes
Another use for cardboard in the garden is to lay it down on the ground to prepare the soil to be used in a “no dig” manner. The grass will rot away and you’ll be left with bare soil. We’re doing it over winter for next spring’s growing. We’ll then lay the seed potatoes on the ground without digging and cover them in a thick layer of grass cuttings which we will replenish throughout the summer. Potatoes should grow well in that – we will report back!
The Secret Gardening Club always have great offers of overstock from nurseries: